Testimony of Heinrich
Lutterbach given on June 18, 1947
Summarized by Jan-Ruth Mills
was a 38 year old German national from Munich.
He is not sworn in as a witness but makes a statement instead (205). A Jehovah’s
Witness (218), Lutterbach was an inmate of Gusen I from October 1941. He first
worked in the stone quarry and then in the camp office (206) as a clerk (211).
When he became ill in January 1942, he was transferred from the stone quarry
office outside the camp to the administrative offices inside the camp (211).
Block 2 Main Office
The main offices of the Gusen I were
in Barracks 2. “A small part of it was the office and then came the parcel
distribution room and the rest of the barracks was taken up by living quarters
for inmates” (211).
Lutterbach lived in
Blocks 24, 1 and 3 (206). He first lived in Block 3, a stone quarry block, and
then in Block 24 “where only young Russians lived” (12) although later Poles
and Germans were added, and finally he lived in Block 1 (12). While the young
Russians were originally spread over other blocks, eventually they were put in
Block 24 where there were some Ukrainians and Poles, as well, who were put
there because of their youth (212). Their ages ranged from 16-20, 21 or 22
(217). He reports that the Germans in Block 24 who were put in positions of
authority over the other nationalities did not always treat them well. These Germans
were also favored by the SS like Tandler, who was block leader, and Heisig
(213). He knew Heisig as deputy block leader of Block 24, Tandler’s Block (208)
and does not recall that he had a bad reputation in this block (209).
Lutterbach was a
room eldest of Block 24 (216) but says that at Gusen, unlike other camps, the
room eldest worked outside the block. The administration of the block was all
done by the block eldest (217), in the case of Block 24, by a German a-social
named Ernst Halle (217). Lutterbach
also lived with the young Russians, and testified that he could say nothing
against Tandler for his treatment of the young Russians (206-207) and that he
was called “Father of the Young Russians.” Lutterbach,
a musician, recalls teaching the young Russians songs which they sang on order
of the camp administration (207). He taught them to sing different songs out of
a song book at intervals over a period of months but could not remember which
songs he taught them (213).
Grill and the Mail
recalls that Ziereis “made known” on Roll-Call Square
that inmates were not to get more than two days of food from their parcels
testifies that most packages came into the camp unopened and were opened in the
camp, but he does not know if the contents were given to the SS (214). Although
he remembers Grill as an SS Master Sergeant, he has nothing to say against him
Schuettauf and the Chain of Guards
He recalls that Schuettauf had the nickname “General Bauch”
(209) and that he was in charge of the guards. There was an order that all SS
but camp administrators, such as detail leaders and block leaders, were forbidden from entering the camp. Although these men
also did guard duty at times outside the camp, they were directly under the
“security camp headquarters” (210). Lutterbach
seldom went on outside details himself and so could not testify as to
Schuettauf’s treatment of prisoners, but said Schuettauf had a bad reputation
in the camp (210). He believed Obermayer
was Schuettauf’s superior over the guards (210-211).
He recalls SS Staff Sergeant Jungjohann as a block leader
but has nothing to say against him. He also recalls SS Sergeant Hartung as a
block leader and later the head of the camp’s fire brigade but cannot testify
about his treatment of prisoners (216).
Gassings of Russian Prisoners-of-War
hearing about gassings and beatings at Gusen I caused by the SS belief that
prisoners should not live if they could not work. He also recalls a large transport
of Russians arrived in the camp in November or December 1941. They were
quarantined for “a while” (218) and then sent out to work after which a large
number of them died. Tandler, because he spoke Russian, was block leader of
this group. He recalls hearing that a number of them were concentrated into a block and gas canisters were thrown in, but
he did not witness this himself (218).